The Second Instance Chambers of the Commercial Court adjudicate matters within its competence. Decisions of the Second Instance are equivalent to the decisions of the Court of Appeal. The Second Instance Chambers review and adjudicate cases in panels of three (3) judges.
The Commercial Court – Second Instance Chamber is competent to adjudicate, and has exclusive jurisdiction to adjudicate,
- disputes between local and foreign business organizations, as well as disputes between public and private legal persons, related to mutual business issues and other issues between them; legal remedies, as defined in the applicable law on enforcement procedure, on issues falling under the competences of this Court;
- recognizing and allowing the enforcement of local and international arbitration awards;
- court disputes arising from the applicable Law on Business Organizations;
- reorganization, bankruptcy and termination of business organizations;
- disputes concerning obstruction of possession between business organizations
- disputes between business organizations regarding the real rights, as provided by the Law on Property and Other Real Rights and the Law on Business Organizations;
- disputes related to the violation of competition, misuse or monopoly and the dominant position in the market as well as monopoly agreements including the assessment of illegality;
- protection of copyright and industrial property rights, including trademarks, patents, industrial design, commercial secrets and other forms of industrial property as foreseen by relevant legislation;
- disputes between aviation companies subject to the Law on Aviation, excluding
disputes concerning passenger rights;
- administrative disputes initiated by business organizations against the final decisions of Tax Administration, Customs Authorities, Ministry of Finance and any other public body in charge of imposing taxes or other state duties;
- administrative disputes initiated by business organizations against final decisions in administrative proceeding;
- other matters as may be provided by law.